Australian Nut Industry – Austnuts Directory

The Nut Industry in Australia

The Australian tree nut industry is rapidly expanding. Additional production from new tree nut orchards will generate an industry approaching $1 billion farm gate value by 2020. Exports will rise to $750 million per annum.

The long lead times from planting to bearing have hidden this expansion from production and export statistics to date. With the level of production now becoming significant however, it is time to ensure that maximum market opportunities are available for this emerging sector of Australian Agriculture.

This imminant expansion in production has important policy implications. Nuts need to continue to figure in policy directions and government decisions, particularly in the area of trade negotiations given the substantial export capacity.

Nuts are efficient users of water with a high dollar return for each megalitre of water used. A dogged focus on managing climate, the high level of skills and ability of growers and the relative freedom from disease gives the Australian nut industry an advantage over its international competitors. (Australian Nut Industry Council 2011)

Australia with its diverse landscape and climate range is well suited to growing a wide range of tree and ground nuts. The warmer and tropical areas of Queensland and New South wales are ideally suited to the cultivation of pistachios, pecans and peanuts.

The areas of north-eastern South Australia, northern Victoria and southern New South Wales with their combination of hot and cold weather lend themselves to the cultivation of almonds and pistachios.

Chestnuts, hazlenuts and walnuts do best in temperate areas and are not recommended for subtropic areas as a commercial crop. They can however be worthwhile to grow for the home orchardist. It is recommended you consult your local nursery as to the suitability of your location.

Photo; Macadamia crop

Macadamia crop – Courtesy of Richard Llewellyn
BioResources Pty Ltd

Australia produces enough almonds, pecans, macadamias and chestnuts to supply the national market. Hazelnuts, peanuts, walnuts and pistachios are cultivated in Australia on a commercial scale, but are also imported. Cashews and pine nuts are not cultivated in Australia on a commercial scale and Brazil nuts are fully imported.

Australian Nut Production
Current Australian nut production is expected to have a value of $725 million from the 2012 season. This represents a 50% increase in the last 5 years. Despite an expanding domestic market, most of that new production will be exported. Exports are projected to be valued at about $750 million by 2020. (Australian Nut industry Council 2011)


Expected Australian Nut Production and Value 2011 – (Figures from ANIC)

Area Planted (ha) Production (tonnes) Value ($ million) Export Surplus Value ($m)
Almonds 30350 Kernel 40,000 164 166
Chestnuts 1,240 In-shell 2,000 10 3
Hazelnuts 140 Kernal 79 0.5
Macadamias 18000 Kernal 7,800 105 82
Pecans 1,400 In-shell 3,274 18 11
Pistachios 890 In-shell 1,000 6
Walnuts 2,790 In-shell 3,455 14 10
Total 54,810 57,608 317.5 272


Key Organisations
A large number of organisations are responsible for supporting and assisting the nut industry. Key organisations identified with strong links to the nut industry are as follows:

Peak Bodies

Australian Nut industry Council

Almond Board of Australia

Australian Macadamia Society

Australian Pecan Growers Association Inc.

Australian Walnut Industry Association

Chestnuts Australia Inc

Hazelnut Growers of Australia

Peanut Company of Australia (formally Peanut Marketing Board)

Pistachio Growers Association Incorporated

Research Organisations Australia

Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Grains Research and Development Corporation (Peanuts)

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

New South Wales

Northern Territory
Douglas Daly Research Farm

Maroochy Research Station

South Australia

Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research


Western Australia

Key Organisations

Horticulture Austraia Ltd

Nuts for Life

Plant Health Australia

Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation




ANIC logoAustralian Nut industry Council (ANIC)
ANIC is the peak body for tree nut industry in Australia. ANIC represents the almond, chestnut, hazelnut, macadamia, pecan, pistachio and walnut industries.



Logo: HALHorticulture Australia Limited (HAL)
One of fifteen Rural Research and Development Corporations, Horticulture Australia Limited is a national research, development and marketing organisation that works in partnership with the horticulture sector to invest in programs that provide benefit to Australian horticulture industries. Research programs for tree nut industries are administered by HAL. Monies come from statutory industry levies and voluntary industry levies with expenditure on projects matched dollar-for-dollar by the Australian Government. The Nut Industry at HAL is represented by the Australian Nut Industry Council Ltd.

Further details on HAL are available on the Horticulture Australia Limited website.



Logo: PHAPlant Health Australia (PHA)

Plant Health Australia is the national coordinator of the government-industry partnership for plant biosecurity in Australia. As a not-for-profit company, PHA services the needs of Members and independently advocate on behalf of the national plant biosecurity system.

The objectives for which PHA is established are to:

  • coordinate a cooperative whole of industry and whole of government approach to the development and implementation of plant health policies and management programs including incursion management;
  • provide strategic leadership in the development and implementation of national plant health policies and management programs;
  • maintain and improve international and domestic confidence in Australia’s plant health status;
  • contribute to the sustainability of Australia’s plant industries and native flora;
  • develop effective consultative, transparent and auditable systems for the management of the Company; and
  • commission, co-ordinate, facilitate and manage national plant health projects.

Nut industry is represented on the Plant Health Australia Board by the Australian Nut Industry Council, the Almond Board of Australia, the Australian Macadamia Society and the Australian Walnut Industry Association.

For information on PHA see the Plant Health Australia website



logo: Nuts for LifeNuts for Life
Nuts for Life is a nutrition communications initiative established for the Australian tree nut industry to provide information about the nutrition and health benefits of tree nuts.

Nuts for Life aims to provide useful, accurate and up-to-date information on the nutritional importance of tree nuts in the diet. The website comprises recent reports, research, newsletters, fact sheets and nutrient composition tables. The nutrition team at Nuts for Life is committed to providing nutrition information that is based on sound science.

Nuts for Life is facilitated by Horticulture Australia Limited in partnership with the Australian tree nut industry since May 2003. It is funded by voluntary contributions from the industry.

For information about the nutrition and health benefits of tree nuts visit the Nuts for Life website.